38:169 How the Earth Works: Fundamentals of Physical Geography
Prerequisite: Nil.
This course is intended for students who wish to meet the natural sciences requirement, or are seeking a general elective, and have an interest in acquiring a fundamental understanding of Earth systems. Physical Geography is the study of the physical components and processes operating within Earth’s atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. This course will introduce basic geographic concepts and examine a variety of these systems in a spatial context. Topics discussed include coordinate systems, maps, and map projections; remote sensing, GIS, and GPS technology; solar energy and radiation balances; weather and climate; volcanism, earthquakes, and plate tectonics; weathering and mass movements; fluvial, eolian, coastal, and glacial landforms and processes; soils; ecosystems; and biomes.
Note: This course does not count toward a Geography major or minor and cannot be used as a prerequisite for upper level courses. However, if after taking 38:169 a student opts to complete a major or minor in Geography, they will be required to audit 38:170, but complete only the lab component of that course.
Credit cannot be held for both this course and 38:170.
3 lecture hours per week, one term.

38:170 Introduction to Physical Geography
Prerequisite:
Nil.
This course is intended for students who are planning to complete a major or minor in Geography or other discipline in which a practical and applied knowledge of Earth systems in beneficial. Physical Geography is the study of the physical components and processes operating within Earth’s atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. This course will introduce basic geographic concepts and examine a variety of these systems in a spatial context through a combination of lecture and hands-on laboratory instruction. Topics discussed include location, coordinate systems, maps and map projections; remote sensing and GIS and GPS technology; solar energy and radiation balances; weather and climate; volcanism, earthquakes and plate tectonics; weathering and mass movements; fluvial, eolian, coastal, and glacial landforms and processes; soils; ecosystems; and biomes.
3 lecture hours per week, 3 laboratory hours per week, one term.