Prerequisites: Nil.

Cannot be held with: 70:353.

A critical examination of some main philosophical interpretations of the historical process and its broader context, including its relation to prehistory. A selection of authors both classical and contemporary may be considered including authors such as Thucydides, Augustine, Vico, Herder, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Toynbee, Spengler, and Niebuhr.

Cross-registered with (History) 54:368.

3 lecture hours per week, one term

Transfer Equivalents: Look up 70:368 in the BU Course Transfer Database.